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National Resource Center for The First-Year Experience and Students in Transition

Publication Details

Undecided first-year students: A 25-year longitudinal study

Author(s): Gordon, V. N., & Steele, G. E.

Citation: Gordon, V. N., & Steele, G. E. (2003). Undecided first-year students: A 25-year longitudinal study. Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition, 15(1), 19-38.



This study surveyed undecided first-year students over a 25-year period to obtain a profile that could be used to target their changing educational and career advising needs. The students' responses over this period were consistent in terms of their demographic characteristics, reasons for attending college, levels of undecidedness, and type of advising requested. On the other hand, their levels of anxiety about choosing a major and their areas of academic and career interest reported changed slightly over the years.


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