Skip to Content

College of Pharmacy

Faculty and Staff

Gary P. Schools, Ph.D.

Title: Research Associate Professor
Scientific Coordinator, Center for Targeted Therapeutics
Department: Drug Discovery & Biomedical Sciences (DDBS)
College of Pharmacy
Phone: 803-777-7926
Office: College of Pharmacy
715 Sumter Street - CLS 514
Columbia, SC 29208
Gary Schools portrait


Ph.D.  Neuroscience, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY 2001
M.S.  Neuroscience, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY 2000
B.S.  Biology, State University of New York at Albany, 1988


Gary Schools has research experience in the mechanisms of cell adhesion, gene expression induced by oxidative stress, characterization of glial cells in the developing rodent brain, and the cell and molecular biology of cancer cells. He has directed Microscopy Cores at two institutions and worked for a major research microscope manufacturer.

Research Interests

Current research interests includes expression of protein markers in and around tumors. This often involves developing protocols to label specific proteins and then image them with confocal microscopy. Another current focus is on the interaction between Cyclin Dependent Kinase 8 and Cyclin C in cancer cells under oxidative stress.


Ding X, Sharko AC, McDermott MSJ, Schools GP, Chumanevich A, Ji H, Li J, Zhang L, Mack ZT, Sikirzhytski V, Shtutman M, Ivers L, O'Donovan N, Crown J, Győrffy B, Chen M, Roninson IB, Broude EV. Inhibition of CDK8/19 Mediator kinase potentiates HER2-targeting drugs and bypasses resistance to these agents in vitro and in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2022 Aug 9;119(32)

Shtutman M, Chang BD, Schools GP, Broude EV. Cellular Model of p21-Induced Senescence. Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1534:31-39. 

Wang W, Putra A, Schools GP, Ma B, Chen H, Kaczmarek LK, Barhanin J, Lesage F, Zhou M. The contribution of TWIK-1 channels to astrocyte K(+) current is limited by retention in intracellular compartments. Front Cell Neurosci. 2013 Dec 9;7:246.

Wyatt MD, Reilly NM, Patel S, Rajesh P., Schools GP, Smiraldo PG, & Pittman DL (2018) Thiopurine-induced mitotic catastrophe in Rad51d-deficient mammalian cells. Environmental and molecular mutagenesis, 59(1), 38–48.

Chen M, Liang J, Ji H, Yang Z, Altilia S, Hu B, Schronce A, McDermott MSJ, Schools GP, Lim CU, Oliver D, Shtutman MS, Lu T, Stark GR, Porter DC, Broude EV, Roninson IB. (2017) CDK8/19 Mediator kinases potentiate induction of transcription by NFκB. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Sep 19;114(38):10208-10213.

Levina E, Ji H, Chen M, Baig M, Oliver D, Ohouo P, Lim CU, Schools G, Carmack S, Ding Y, Broude EV, Roninson IB, Buttyan R, Shtutman M (2015) Identification of novel genes that regulate androgen receptor signaling and growth of androgen-deprived prostate cancer cells. Oncotarget 6(15):13088-104.

Porter DC, Farmaki E, Altilia S, Schools GP, West DK, Chen M, Chang BD, Puzyrev AT, Lim CU, Rokow-Kittell R, Friedhoff LT, Papavassiliou AG, Kalurupalle S, Hurteau G, Shi J, Baran PS, Gyorffy B, Wentland MP, Broude EV, Kiaris H, Roninson IB (2012) Cyclin-dependent kinase 8 mediates chemotherapy-induced tumor-promoting paracrine activities. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA,

Gonzalez RE, Lim C-U, Cole K, Hanko Bianchini C, Schools GP, Davis BE, Wada I, Roninson IB, Broude EV (2011) Effects of conditional depletion of topoisomerase II on cell cycle progression in mammalian cells. Cell Cycle, 10(20):3505-14.

Zhou M, Xu G, Xie M, Zhang X, Schools GP, Ma L, Kimelberg HK, Chen H (2009) TWIK-1 and TREK-1 are potassium channels contributing significantly to astrocyte passive conductance in rat hippocampal slices. J Neurosci 29(26):8551-64.

Xie MJ, Lynch DT, Schools GP, Kimelberg HK, Zhou M (2007) Sodium Channel Currents in Rat Hippocampal NG2 Glia: Characterization and Contribution to Resting Membrane Potential. Neuroscience 150(4):853-62.

Schools GP, Zhou M, Kimelberg HK (2006) Development of gap junctions in hippocampal astrocytes: evidence that whole cell electrophysiological phenotype is an intrinsic property of the individual cell. J Neurophysiol 96(3):1383-1392.

Zhou M, Schools GP, Kimelberg HK (2006) Development of GLAST(+) astrocytes and NG2(+) glia in rat hippocampus CA1: mature astrocytes are electrophysiologically passive. J Neurophysiol 95(1):134-143.

Schools GP, Zhou M, Kimelberg HK (2003) Electrophysiologically “complex” glial cells freshly isolated from the hippocampus are immunopositive for the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan NG2. J Neurosci Res. 73:765-777.

Zhou M, Schools GP, Kimelberg HK (2000) GFAP-mRNA positive glia acutely isolated from rat hippocampus predominantly show complex current patterns. Molecular Brain Res 76: 121-131.

Schools GP, Kimelberg HK (1999) mGluR3 and mGluR5 are the predominant metabotropic glutamate receptor mRNAs expressed in hippocampal astrocytes acutely isolated from young rats. J Neuroscience Res 58:533-543.

Crawford DR, Wang Y, Schools GP, Kochheiser J, Davies KJ (1997) Down-regulation of mammalian mitochondrial RNAs during oxidative stress. Free Radical Biology & Medicine 22:551-559.

Crawford DR, Lauzon RJ, Wang Y, Mazurkiewicz JE, Schools GP, Davies KJ (1997) 16S mitochondrial ribosomal RNA degradation is associated with apoptosis. Free Radical Biology & Medicine 22:1295-1300.

Crawford DR, Schools GP, Davies KJ (1996) Oxidant-inducible adapt 15 RNA is associated with growth arrest-and DNA damage-inducible gadd153 and gadd45. Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics 329:137-144.


Challenge the conventional. Create the exceptional. No Limits.