College of Pharmacy
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- Lorne Hofseth
Faculty and Staff
Lorne Hofseth, Ph.D.
|Title:||Associate Dean for Research
|Department:||Drug Discovery & Biomedical Sciences (DDBS)
College of Pharmacy
|Office:||College of Pharmacy
715 Sumter Street - CLS 513C
Columbia, SC 29208
Ph.D. Simon Fraser University, Canada, 1996
B.S. Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Michigan State University (1996-2000)
National Cancer Institute (2000-2004)
Lorne Hofseth, Ph.D., is a professor in the College of Pharmacy Department of Drug Discovery and Biomedical Sciences and director of the Center for Colon Cancer Research at the University of South Carolina. His research revolves around chronic inflammation and cancer.
Dr. Hofseth came to South Carolina after four years at the Laboratory of Human Carcinogenesis at the National Cancer Institute in Maryland. He has published over 90 times in peer-reviewed journals, generated more than $7 million in extramural funding, and founded two companies.
- Chronic inflammation
- Colorectal cancer
- Complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs)
- Cancer disparities
Chronic inflammation is dangerous to human health. It drives many prevalent diseases in our society, including heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's, and cancer. Current treatment strategies that have a single target to dampen signs and symptoms of chronic inflammation are limited, and fraught with side-effects. Our lab is dedicated to identifying novel targets and therapeutic approaches to suppressing inflammation, with minimal toxicity. One way is through the use of common complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) that have anti-inflammatory properties. Another way is to team up with biochemists who synthesize small molecule inhibitors of specific pro-inflammatory molecules with low toxicity. Our lab also carries out clinical trials to examine the role of anti-oxidants in suppressing systemic inflammation, and improve overall health. Recent projects have involved the used of genetically modified plants to synthesize microRNAs for chemopreventive properties. We are interested in colon cancer disparities and are tackling this issue in collaboration with other leaders at the university, including Drs. Hebert, Berger, and Roninson. Our bench-to-bedside approach and collaborative efforts will have far-reaching health implications on millions of people suffering from auto-immune and chronic inflammatory diseases.
Awards & Honors
- Breakthrough Leadership in Research Award, USC Office of the Vice President for Research, 2020
Hofseth LJ. Getting rigorous with scientific rigor. Carcinogenesis. 39(1), 21-25, 2018. PMID: 28968787.
Witalison EE, Cui X, Hofseth AB, Subramanian V, Causey CP, Thompson PR, Hofseth LJ. Inhibiting protein arginine deiminases has antioxidant consequences. JPET;353(1):64-70, 2015. PMID: 25635139. PMCID: PMC4366755.
Cui X, Jin Y, Singh UP, Chumanevich AA, Harmon B, Cavicchia P, Hofseth AB, Kotakadi V, Poudyal D, Stroud B, Volate SR, Hurley TG, Hebert JR, Hofseth LJ. Suppression of DNA damage in human peripheral blood lymphocytes by a juice concentrate: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Mol Nutr Food Res. 56:666-70, 2012. PMID: 22383296.
Harmon BE, Wirth MD, Boushey CJ, Wilkens LR, Draluck E, Shivappa N, Steck SE, Hofseth L, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L, Hébert JR. The Dietary Inflammatory Index Is Associated with Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Multiethnic Cohort. J Nutr. 147(3), 430-438, 2017. PMID: 28179489
Chumanevich AA, Chaparala A, Witalison EE, Tashkandi H, Hofseth AB, Lane C, Pena E, Liu P, Pittman DL, Nagarkatti P, Nagarkatti M, Hofseth LJ, Chumanevich AA. Looking for the best anti-colitis medicine: A comparative analysis of current and prospective compounds. Oncotarget. 8(1), 228-237, 2017. PMID: 27974688.
Chumanevich AA, Witalison EE, Chaparala A, Chumanevich A, Nagarkatti P, Nagarkatti M, Hofseth LJ. Repurposing the anti-malarial drug, quinacrine: new anti-colitis properties. Oncotarget. 7(33), 52928-52939, 2016.
Block KI, et al. Designing a broad-spectrum integrative approach for cancer prevention and treatment. Semin Cancer Biol. 35, suppl. S276-304, 2015. PMID: 26590477.