10 Tips for Cultural Adjustment
- Take care of yourself physically. This includes getting regular and sufficient amounts of sleep and food, even if it is difficult re-establishing a consistent schedule because of jet lag. See section on Physical Health for more information.
- Give yourself permission to feel bad. Negative feelings are normal, and you should process these emotions, rather than just pushing them away and failing to address the issue.
- Don’t make any big life changes while abroad. It will take time to figuring out how your new life experiences fit into your previous culture and life experience.
- Be open-minded and curious. Adjusting to a new culture doesn't mean that you have to change your own values and worldview, but it’s important to allow yourself to be curious about the way things are perceived and done in the new environment. When you find yourself in an unfamiliar situation, try to think of it as a new adventure and tolerate the ambiguity of not knowing.
- Use your observation skills. Since you will be exposed to many new and unfamiliar customs and norms, observing how others are behaving in situations can help you understand what is expected of you and how you could connect with others. Pay attention to both verbal and non-verbal cues of others, in order to get a more complete picture of what is going on.
- Recognize that culture is relative. When you are exposed to new customs and ideals, try to avoid labeling them as “good” or “bad” according to what you are used to. Remember that there may be parts of a culture that you disagree or dislike, but these are part of a broader social system.
- Find cultural allies and ask questions. Make friends with locals and they could be great consultant on cultural expectations. Asking for help when you need it.
- Give yourself (and others) permission to make mistakes. Everyone inevitably make mistakes as they explore a new cultural environment. Try to find humor in these situations and others will likely respond to you with friendliness and support. Keep in mind that others will probably make mistakes, too. When someone makes an inaccurate assumption or generalized belief about your culture, it may be due to a lack of information. If you are comfortable with doing so, it could be an opportunity to share information about yourself and your culture
- Be patient – don’t expect yourself to understand everything immediately. The process of cultural adjustment requires time and most of the time it’s a cyclical process. Try to remind yourself to be patient with the new experience, encouraging yourself to stretch your comfort level, and avoid being overly critical of yourself.
- Finally, try to establish new friendships with host country residents who can help explain the reason behind some of the customs/behaviors you might find uncomfortable. This will help you make healthy adjustments abroad. Working through culture shock can be a valuable growth experience – one that strengthens identity and intercultural competence.
Additional Support While Abroad
If you are currently working with a therapist/psychiatrist, discuss this before you go. Some signs to look for that may indicate the need for professional support include, but are not limited to:
- Heavy alcohol or drug use
- Not getting out of bed
- Staying in a room alone
- Changes in eating habits such as eating excessively or very little
- Avoiding friends
Not attending classes or marked decrease in academic performance
Keep in mind that any high stress situation can cause unusually strong emotional reactions and can interfere with effective functioning. Such feelings can also exacerbate previous symptom or stir up deeper emotional issues. It is extremely important that you share your reactions with others and seek support immediately.
Remember, you know yourself best and should seek out assistance when needed. See the Mental Health section for more information and recommendations on accessing care while abroad.
Cultural Re-Entry and Adjustment
Sometimes people overlook the fact that similar adjustments are necessary when returning home. New ideas, friendships, and experiences gained overseas will change, and you will return home with a variety of new perspectives. While you have probably made some progress in integrating these changes into your life while studying abroad, you now have a new task of determining how to integrate these changes into your life at home. Read more about the re-entry experience and re-entry resources on this section of our website.
Many returning students seek services from USC Counseling Services to facilitate their re-integration process through group or individual counseling. Contact Counseling Services for an appointment at your convenience. Students also benefit from Thrive@Carolina, a program offered for all USC students that offers virtual consultations and a variety of our other resources.