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Digital Humanities Projects

Ghosts of the Horseshoe

Ghosts of the Horseshoe is a mobile augmented reality application that endeavors to make visible the largely unacknowledged history of slavery that is responsible for the physical site of USC's historic Horseshoe, or what was South Carolina College (SCC).

Funded by a USC ASPIRE II grant and previously supported by the College of Arts and Sciences (Spring 2012), Ghosts of the Horseshoe is a mobile augmented reality application that endeavors to make visible the largely unacknowledged history of slavery that is responsible for the physical site of USC's historic Horseshoe, or what was South Carolina College (SCC). Based on the robust scholarly website, "Slavery at South Carolina College 1801-1865", "Ghosts" offers a site-specific interactive account of how enslaved labor built, maintained, and served the occupants--both faculty and students--of SCC. The aim of the critical interactive is to inspire an empathic awareness of USC's complicated history in order to invite an appreciation of--and perhaps even responsibility for--what, we who traverse the Horseshoe regularly, never think about.

*Image courtesy of the South Caroliniana Library.

Related Publications and Presentations

Buell, D.A. and Cooley, H.R. "Ghosts of the Horseshoe, A Mobile Application." Annual Review of Cultural Heritage Informatics. Ed. Samantha K. Hastings. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004. 193-212.

Buell, D. A. and Cooley, H. R. “Critical Interactives: Improving Public Understanding of Institutional Policy.” Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 20,no. 10 (Spring 2012): 1-8.

Buell, D.A. and Cooley, H.R. "Ghosts of the Horseshoe: A Critical Interactive." Presentation at the annual conference of the South Carolina Council for Social Studies, Charleston, S.C., September 2013.

Buell, D.A. and Cooley, H.R. "Ghosts of the Horseshoe: A Critical Interactive." Presentation at HASTAC 2013, Toronto, Ontario, April 2013.

Buell, D.A. and Cooley, H.R. "Desperate Fishwives: On the Origins of 'Critical Interactives.'" In Proceedings, Games, Learning and Society. Madison, WI, June 2012. 391-396. 

Carter, B.W. Digital Humanities: Current Perspective, Practices, and Research, Edited by Charles Wankel. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2013.

Cooley, H. R., Buell, D., and R. Walker (2014). “From Ghosts of the Horseshoe to Ward One: Critical Interactives for Inviting Social Engagement with Instances of Historical Erasure (Columbia, South Carolina).” In Proceedings of the Interactive Narratives, New Media & Social Engagement International Conference. Eds. Hudson Moura, Ricardo Sternberg, Regina Cunha, Cecília Queiroz, and Martin Zeilinger. 

Cooley, H.R., and Buell, D.A. "Ghosts of the Horseshoe: A Mobile Critical Interactive for Social Engagement." Presentation at the Interactive Narratives, New Media and Social Engagement International Conference, Toronto, Ontario, October 2014. 

H. R. Cooley and D. A. Buell. Seminar presentations on Critical Interactives, Wake Forest University, February 2013.

H. R. Cooley and D. A. Buell, Seminar presentations on Critical Interactives, University of North Carolina Asheville, February 2013.

H. R. Cooley and D. A. Buell, Seminar presentations on Critical Interactives, University of Arizona, October 2012.

Cooley, H. R. and Verhoeff, N. “Performativity/Expressivity: The Mobile Micro Screen and it’s Subject.” In Techne/Technology: Researching Cinema and Media Technologies, edited by Annie van den Oever, 207-218. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014.